How to Write a Column (with Sample Columns) - wikiHow

 

column article

The Washington Post Opinions section features opinion articles, newspaper editorials and letters to the editor on the issues of the day. Offerings include the Post Partisan blog by Washington Post. Apr 20,  · One story can be laid out on a two column grid while the other can be laid out in three, four or more column grid. In this article we will talk more about columns as a design element and in another separated article we will talk about the width of the columns and the number of characters that would be ideal for such columns. Line length (the. An editorial is an expression of the position of the newspaper's editors or editorial board or publisher on an issue. It's generally written by an editor or member of the editorial board. The tradition has been to frame the editorial using first p.


How to Write a Newspaper Column (with Sample Columns) - wikiHow


In back-to-back wars fought between A, column article. The loot he brought back was staggering. One contemporary chronicler boasted that the conquest yielded a half million pounds of gold and a million pounds of silver, not to mention a fertile new province, column article. The booty changed the landscape of Rome. To commemorate the victory, Trajan commissioned a forum that included a spacious plaza surrounded by colonnades, two libraries, a grand civic space known as the Basilica Ulpia, and possibly even a temple.

Towering over it was a stone column feet high, crowned with a bronze statue of the conqueror. Spiraling around the column like a modern-day comic strip is a narrative of the Dacian campaigns: Thousands of intricately carved Romans and Dacians march, build, fight, sail, sneak, negotiate, plead, and perish in scenes.

Completed inthe column column article stood for more than 1, years. Trajan, who ruled from A. In this marble statue he wears armor typically used in triumphal parades. Today tourists crane their necks up at it as guides explain its history.

The eroded carvings are hard to make out column article the first few twists of the story. The column is one of the most distinctive monumental sculptures to have survived the fall of Rome. For centuries classicists have treated the carvings as a visual history of the wars, with Trajan as the hero and Decebalus, the Dacian king, as his worthy opponent. Archaeologists have scrutinized the scenes to learn about the uniforms, weapons, column article, equipment, and tactics the Roman Army used.

And because Trajan left Dacia in ruins, the column and the remaining sculptures of defeated soldiers that once decorated the forum are treasured today by Romanians as clues to how their Column article ancestors may have looked and dressed. The column was deeply influential, column article, the inspiration for later monuments in Rome and across the empire, column article.

A Renaissance pope replaced the statue of Trajan with one of St. Peter, to sanctify the ancient artifact. Artists lowered themselves in baskets from the top to study it in detail.

It sometimes seems as if there are as many interpretations as there are carved figures, column article, and there are 2, of those.

How it was made and how accurate it is remain the subjects of spirited debate. Filippo Coarellia courtly Italian archaeologist and art historian in his late 70s, literally wrote column article book on the subject. In his sun-flooded living room in Rome, he pulls his illustrated history of the column off a crowded bookshelf. The weeping Dacians poisoning themselves to avoid column article He appears 58 times, depicted as a canny commander, column article, accomplished statesman, column article, and pious ruler.

Here he is giving a speech to the troops; there he is thoughtfully conferring with his advisers; over there, presiding over a sacrifice to the gods. In fact clues gleaned from the column and excavations at Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital, suggest that the carvings say more about Roman preoccupations than about history.

Jon Coulston, an expert on Roman iconography, arms, and equipment at the University of St. He wrote his doctoral dissertation on the landmark and has remained obsessed—and pugnaciously contrarian—ever since. Coulston argues that no single mastermind was behind the carvings. Less than a quarter of the frieze shows battles or sieges, column article, and Trajan column article is never shown in combat. The column portrays them as a force of order and civilization, not destruction and conquest.

Two years of war led to a negotiated peace, which the Dacians promptly broke, column article. Trajan returned in and crushed them. Present-day city names are in parentheses. Map: Jerome N. Sources: Ioana A. Andrews, Scotland. Trajan was born to Roman parents in what is now Spain. Some scenes remain ambiguous and their interpretations controversial. Are the besieged Dacians reaching for a cup to commit suicide by drinking poison rather than face humiliation at the hands of the conquering Romans?

Or are they just thirsty? Are the Dacian nobles gathered around Trajan in scene after scene surrendering or column article And what about the shocking depiction of women torturing shirtless, bound captives with flaming torches?

Italians see them as captive Romans suffering at the hands of barbarian women. In Trajan moved to punish the troublesome Dacians, column article. After nearly two years of battle Decebalus, the Dacian kingnegotiated a treaty with Trajan, then promptly broke it.

Rome had been betrayed one time too many. Just look at the scenes that show the looting of Sarmizegetusa or villages in flames. War is war. The Roman legions were known to be quite violent and fierce. Yet once the Dacians were vanquished, they became a favorite theme for Roman sculptors. The message seems intended for Romans, not the surviving Dacians, most of whom had been sold as slaves.

In this scene from a plaster and marble-dust cast made between and column article, Trajan at far left watches a battle, while two Roman auxiliaries present him with severed enemy heads. The Dacians had no written language, so what we know about their culture is filtered through Roman sources. Ample column article suggests that they were a regional power for centuries, raiding and exacting tribute from their neighbors.

They column article skilled metalworkers, mining and smelting iron and panning for gold to create magnificently ornamented jewelry and weaponry. Sarmizegetusa was their political and spiritual capital. The ruined city lies high in the mountains of central Romania.

To get to the site today, visitors have to negotiate a potholed dirt road through the same forbidding valley that Trajan column article. Back then the passes were guarded by elaborate ridgetop fortifications; now only a few peasant huts keep watch.

The towering beech trees that have grown thick over Sarmizegetusa blot out the sun, column article, casting a chill shade even on a warm day, column article.

A broad flagstone road leads from the thick, half-buried walls of a fortress down to a wide, flat meadow. This green expanse—a terrace carved column article of the mountainside—was the religious heart of the Dacian world.

Traces of buildings remain, a mix of original stones and concrete reproductions, the legacy column article an aborted communist-era attempt to reconstruct the site. Next to it is a low, circular stone altar carved with column article sunburst pattern, the sacred center of the Dacian universe. This scene shows Roman soldiers loading plunder onto pack animals after defeating Decebalus, the Dacian king, column article.

The exposed ruins, along with artifacts recovered from looters, reveal a thriving hub of manufacturing and religious ritual. Florea and his team have found evidence of Roman military know-how and Greek architectural and artistic column article. Using aerial imaging, archaeologists have identified more than man-made terraces, which column article for nearly three miles along the valley.

The entire settlement covered more than acres. There is no sign that the Dacians grew food up here. There are no cultivated fields. Instead archaeologists have found the remains of dense clusters of workshops and houses, along with furnaces for refining iron ore, column article, tons of iron hunks ready for working, and dozens of anvils.

It seems the city was a center of metal production, supplying other Dacians with weapons and tools in exchange for gold and grain. The site is lush and quiet.

Not far from the altar rises a small spring that could have provided water for religious rituals. Flecks of column article mica make the dirt paths sparkle in the sun. The few tourists speak in hushed voices. The sky is suddenly menacing, the air sticky and humid. In the first major battle Trajan defeated the Dacians background at Tapae.

A storm indicated to the Romans column article that the god Jupiter, with his thunderbolts, was on their side. Dacians fashioned precious metals into jewelry, coins, and art, column article, such as the gold-trimmed silver drinking vessel at left, column article.

These gold coins with Roman imagery and bracelets weighing up to two pounds each were looted from the ruins of Sarmizegetusa, column article, the Dacian capital, and recovered in recent years, column article. Vessel: 6. Coins: 0. Bracelets: 3. It was a show of power—we have the means, column article, we have the power, we are the bosses. The rest of Dacia was devastated column article. Near the top of column article column column article a glimpse of the denouement: a village put to the torch, Dacians fleeing, a province empty of all but cows and goats.

The two wars must have killed tens column article thousands. A contemporary claimed that Trajan tookprisoners, column article, bringing some 10, to Rome to fight in the gladiatorial games that were staged for days in celebration.

Kneeling under an oak tree, he raises a long, curved knife to his own neck. Andrew Curry wrote about the Roman frontier in the September issue. Photographer Kenneth Garrett is a frequent contributor to the magazine. Present-day boundaries shown above.

 

Column (periodical) - Wikipedia

 

column article

 

Apr 20,  · One story can be laid out on a two column grid while the other can be laid out in three, four or more column grid. In this article we will talk more about columns as a design element and in another separated article we will talk about the width of the columns and the number of characters that would be ideal for such columns. Line length (the. An editorial is an expression of the position of the newspaper's editors or editorial board or publisher on an issue. It's generally written by an editor or member of the editorial board. The tradition has been to frame the editorial using first p. At feet tall, cut from marble, adorned with a spiral frieze intricately carved with scenes, Trajan’s amazing column is a war diary that soars over Rome. Its tale: how the emperor.